Authors: Sally SL,Gurnsey R,
Address: Department of Psychology, Concordia University, 7141 Sherbrooke Street West, Que., H4B 1R6, Montréal, Canada. email@example.com <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Journal: Vision Res.
Publication: 2003 Jun;43(12):1375-85.
The parameter E2 is used in many spatial scaling studies to characterize the rate at which stimulus size must increase with eccentricity to achieve foveal levels of performance in detection and discrimination tasks. We examined whether the E2 for an Orientation discrimination task was dependent on the spatial frequency bandwidth of the stimulus used. Two methods were employed. In Experiments 1 and 2 stimuli were presented at a fixed high level of contrast across viewing conditions. In both experiments the E2s recovered for narrowband stimuli were larger than those recovered for broadband stimuli. In Experiment 3 we controlled for the potentially confounding effects of perceptual contrast by measuring orientation thresholds over a range of stimulus contrast levels. Only thresholds which had reached an asymptotic level, such that increases in stimulus contrast led to no further changes to thresholds, were included in the calculation of E2. We observed that E2s recovered in the latter condition were in the range of 1.29 degrees -1.83 degrees and similar for narrowband and broadband stimuli. We conclude that a failure to consider the role of perceptual contrast may result in inflated estimates of E2.